Post-Exercise Protein: Is There a Limit?

If you’re familiar with the fitness scene, you’ve likely heard the advice that consuming roughly 30 grams of protein after a workout is optimal for building muscle. But what if this widely accepted notion isn’t entirely accurate? Recent research from Maastricht University suggests there might be more to the story. This challenges our understanding of how much protein is needed post-exercise to maximise muscle growth.

The Study Unveiled

Researchers at Maastricht University embarked on a study involving 36 healthy, active men. After engaging in a rigorous strength training session, participants were given protein drinks containing varying amounts of protein – zero, 25, or 100 grams. Over the next 12 hours, their muscle protein synthesis rates were closely monitored through blood samples and muscle biopsies.

Surprising Discoveries

Contrary to conventional beliefs, the study revealed that higher doses of post-workout protein led to sustained muscle protein synthesis. Participants who consumed 100 grams of protein exhibited significantly elevated synthesis rates compared to those who consumed 25 grams. What’s more, this heightened response persisted throughout the entire 12-hour observation period, challenging the idea of a cap on post-exercise protein effectiveness.

Unveiling the Implications

Refining Protein Timing

Traditionally, there’s been emphasis on consuming protein immediately after exercise to capitalise on the so-called “anabolic window,” which refers to the period immediately following a workout when the body is believed to be most receptive to nutrient intake for muscle repair and growth. However, this study suggests a more nuanced approach, indicating that the impact of post-exercise protein intake extends beyond the immediate aftermath of a workout.

Total Protein Intake Takes Centre Stage

While the study highlights the potential benefits of higher post-workout protein doses, it underscores the importance of overall protein consumption for muscle growth. Rather than fixating solely on post-exercise intake, prioritising daily protein targets within the range of 1.6-2.2 grams/kg body weight emerges as crucial for maximising muscle gains.

Optimising Protein Distribution

The study prompts a reevaluation of how we distribute protein intake throughout the day. While consuming 100 grams of protein in one sitting may not be practical for most, spreading protein intake evenly across four meals emerges as a promising strategy. This ensures a consistent supply of protein to support muscle repair and growth without solely relying on immediate post-workout consumption.

In the ever-evolving realm of sports nutrition, this study challenges long-held beliefs surrounding post-exercise protein intake. While the concept of an ideal post-workout protein dose undergoes scrutiny, the overarching importance of total protein intake for muscle growth remains indisputable. By adopting a comprehensive approach to protein consumption and embracing emerging research insights, individuals can navigate the complexities of post-workout nutrition to maximise their fitness goals


Trommelen J, van Lieshout GAA, Nyakayiru J, Holwerda AM, Smeets JSJ, Hendriks FK, et al. The anabolic response to protein ingestion during recovery from exercise has no upper limit in magnitude and duration in vivo in humans. Cell Rep Med. 2023 Dec 19;4(12):101324.:

Morton RW, Murphy KT, McKellar SR, Schoenfeld BJ, Henselmans M, Helms E, et al. A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of the effect of protein supplementation on resistance training-induced gains in muscle mass and strength in healthy adults. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Mar;52(6):376–84.

Schoenfeld BJ, Aragon AA. How much protein can the body use in a single meal for muscle-building? Implications for daily protein distribution. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2018 Feb 27;15:10.

The Power of Self-Compassion

When it comes to sticking to a diet, we’ve all experienced those moments of slipping up – perhaps indulging in an unplanned treat or deviating from our meal plan. These instances can often leave us feeling guilty and frustrated, questioning our willpower and dedication. However, recent research suggests that practising self-compassion could be the key to overcoming these setbacks and staying on track with our weight loss goals.

Understanding Dietary Lapses

A recent study involving individuals striving to lose weight examined how they responded emotionally to dietary slip-ups, known as “dietary lapses.” These lapses, triggered by factors like hunger and stress, not only hinder progress but also lead to negative feelings such as guilt and shame, which can derail our efforts.

The study further delved into three core aspects of self-compassion:

  • Mindfulness: Being aware of our thoughts and feelings without judgment.
  • Common Humanity: Recognising that we’re not alone in facing challenges, fostering a sense of connection.
  • Self-Kindness: Treating ourselves with kindness and understanding, especially during tough times

Key Findings

The research revealed that all elements of self-compassion were linked to reduced negativity following dietary lapses. However, showing ourselves kindness emerged as particularly beneficial, helping us regain a sense of control and resilience. By practising self-kindness, we can bounce back from setbacks and continue our weight loss journey with renewed determination.

Practical Insights for Everyday Life

  • Normalising Dietary Lapses: Understanding that slip-ups are a normal part of any weight loss journey can alleviate feelings of failure. Realising that everyone faces challenges on their path to better health fosters a more compassionate attitude towards ourselves and others.
  • Embracing Self-Kindness: Responding to dietary slip-ups with self-compassion, particularly self-kindness, empowers us to move forward without self-criticism. By being gentle with ourselves and treating mistakes as learning opportunities, we can overcome setbacks more effectively.
  • Distinguishing Compassion from Complacency: Practising self-compassion doesn’t mean giving up on our goals or becoming complacent. Instead, it helps us accept setbacks without losing sight of our long-term aspirations. By cultivating resilience and self-acceptance, we can stay committed to our health journey while navigating the ups and downs along the way.

In the journey towards weight loss and healthier eating habits, self-compassion emerges as a valuable tool for managing setbacks and maintaining motivation. By embracing self-kindness and recognising our shared human experience, we can cultivate a mindset that supports our well-being and resilience. Let self-compassion guide you towards a healthier, happier lifestyle, one step at a time.


Hagerman CJ, Ehmann MM, Taylor LC, Forman EM. The role of self-compassion and its individual components in adaptive responses to dietary lapses. Appetite. 2023 Nov 1;190:107009–9.

Understanding Frailty and Ageing: Insights and Strategies for Better Health

Contrary to common perception, frailty and ageing are not interchangeable terms. Recent research sheds light on the distinct challenges posed by frailty, affecting a smaller percentage of seniors but carrying significant health implications. This comprehensive review, authored by gerontologists from Canada and Mexico, provides invaluable insights into understanding, preventing, and addressing frailty in older adults. Particularly, it focuses on those with advanced cardiovascular disease.

Understanding Frailty

Frailty, a condition affecting about 10% of community-dwelling seniors, denotes a heightened vulnerability to severe health complications. However, its prevalence escalates substantially among older adults with advanced cardiovascular ailments, reaching up to 60%. For these individuals, events like a heart attack or major surgery can trigger a cascade of adverse effects. This can lead to a state of deconditioning and frailty.

The Physiological Challenges

Frailty manifests in various physiological changes, notably affecting cardiovascular function. An individual’s maximum aerobic capacity, as measured by VO2 peak, often falls below critical thresholds associated with frailty. Consequently, even routine tasks like dressing can push them to their physical limits, highlighting the severity of their condition.

Strategies for Managing Frailty

Holistic Approach to Exercise

Exercise emerges as a cornerstone in managing frailty, offering holistic benefits across cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and neurological systems. By engaging in tailored exercise routines, individuals can harness the regenerative power of activated muscles. This facilitates inflammation reduction, tissue regeneration, and cognitive enhancement.

Key Considerations Before Starting

Prior to embarking on an exercise regimen, it’s imperative to gather essential information, including medical guidance, contraindications, and medication details. Additionally, understanding the individual’s preferences, nutritional status, and social support network is crucial for designing a personalised intervention plan.

Practical Strategies for Exercise Implementation

Balancing Aerobic and Resistance Training

While aerobic exercise is pivotal, it should be approached cautiously, especially for individuals with compromised balance, strength, or cognition. Instead, the focus should initially be on a combination of resistance and balance training, gradually progressing from light to moderate intensity.

Tailoring Exercise Regimens

For frail individuals, single-joint exercises targeting specific muscle groups may offer a more manageable starting point. Emphasising smaller muscle groups through exercises like knee extensions and calf raises can improve functional strength and endurance, laying the foundation for broader physical gains.

Importance of Gait Patterns and Balance

Gait patterns serve as a vital indicator of an individual’s health status, with walking speed and postural control offering valuable insights. Balance training should encompass activities that mimic real-world gait patterns, promoting core stability and improving overall mobility.

Looking Ahead

Consistent exercise is akin to investing in one’s “health bank,” accruing long-term benefits that bolster resilience and facilitate recovery. By prioritising exercise as a proactive measure, individuals can enhance their healthspan, effectively mitigating the risk of frailty and age-related decline.

In conclusion, understanding the nuances of frailty and ageing is imperative for promoting better health outcomes among seniors, particularly those with cardiovascular conditions. By embracing evidence-based strategies and adopting a holistic approach to exercise, individuals can navigate the complexities of frailty with resilience and vitality. Let us embark on this journey towards improved health, one step at a time.


Mauricio VG, Daniel R, Duque G. Exercise as a therapeutic tool in age-related frailty and cardiovascular disease: challenges and strategies. Can J Cardiol. 2024 Jan 10.

Kaminsky LA, Arena R, Myers J, Peterman JE, Bonikowske AR, Harber MP, et al. Updated Reference Standards for Cardiorespiratory Fitness Measured with Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing: Data from the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND). Mayo Clin Proc. 2022 Feb;97(2):285–93.

Esposito F, Reese V, Shabetai R, Wagner PD, Richardson RS. Isolated quadriceps training increases maximal exercise capacity in chronic heart failure: the role of skeletal muscle convective and diffusive oxygen transport. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Sep 20;58(13):1353–62.

Dommershuijsen LJ, Isik BM, Darweesh SKL, van der Geest JN, Ikram MK, Ikram MA. Unraveling the Association Between Gait and Mortality-One Step at a Time. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2020 May 22;75(6):1184–90.

Can Strength Training Improve Heart Health? Here’s What Science Says

For years, the fitness world hailed cardio as the ultimate heart protector, leaving strength training in its shadow. However, a recent revelation from the American Heart Association has upended this narrative, highlighting the profound heart health benefits of strength training. This paradigm shift marks a significant milestone, as it brings mainstream recognition to the transformative impact of strength training on cardiovascular wellness.

Understanding the Insights

Contrary to conventional wisdom, strength training emerges as a formidable ally in fortifying heart health, boasting a host of benefits akin to traditional cardio exercises. The American Heart Association’s thorough examination, drawing from 96 studies, underscores that strength training can substantially enhance various aspects of cardiovascular wellbeing. These include managing blood pressure, reducing diabetes risk, controlling cholesterol levels, uplifting mood, and promoting better sleep quality, among others.

The Science Behind Heart Health Enhancement

Delving into the science, strength training mirrors the cardiovascular effects of traditional aerobic activities. It elevates heart and respiratory rates, fuelled by heightened oxygen demand during muscle contractions. Furthermore, the metabolic activity of muscle tissue aids in regulating blood sugar, improving insulin sensitivity, and modulating cholesterol levels. Additionally, substances released by muscles, known as myokines, play a crucial role in mitigating inflammation—a key factor in vascular health.

Practical Implications for Everyday Life

  • A Balanced Exercise Approach: Dispelling the notion of an either/or scenario between strength training and cardio, individuals are encouraged to embrace an integrated fitness routine that encompasses both modalities. By harnessing the synergistic benefits of resistance and aerobic exercises, people can maximise their cardiovascular health gains, leading to a cumulative reduction in overall mortality risk.
  • Empowering Personal Engagement: With a significant proportion of the population underestimating the benefits of strength training, the findings serve as a catalyst for individuals to explore this avenue for themselves. By bridging the gap between knowledge and action, people are empowered to incorporate strength training as a vital component of their wellness journey.
  • Overcoming Common Hurdles: Recognising prevalent misconceptions surrounding strength training, individuals are encouraged to adopt a tailored approach to make it accessible and enjoyable. Through empathetic understanding and personalised planning, barriers such as complexity, time constraints, discomfort, or resource availability can be addressed, paving the way for sustained engagement.

The groundbreaking insights from the American Heart Association shed light on the transformative potential of strength training in nurturing heart health. By embracing evidence-based recommendations and adopting a personalised approach, individuals can embark on a journey towards enhanced cardiovascular wellness. Together, let us break down barriers, cultivate resilience, and embark on a collective quest towards a heart-healthy lifestyle.


Paluch AE, Boyer WR, Franklin BA, Laddu D, Lobelo F, Lee DC, et al. Resistance Exercise Training in Individuals With and Without Cardiovascular Disease: 2023 Update: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2024 Jan 16;149(3):e217–31.

From Struggle to Success: Navigating the 3 Stages of Weight Cycling

Have you ever found yourself caught in a frustrating cycle of losing weight, only to regain it shortly after? You’re not alone. Weight cycling, often known as “yo-yo dieting,” can take a toll not just on your body, but also on your mental well-being. Recent research sheds light on why people get stuck in this cycle and how they can break free from it. Let’s explore the findings of the study and uncover the three-stage journey of weight cycling.

Understanding the Cycle

Stage One: Entering the Cycle

For many individuals, the journey into weight cycling begins with societal pressures and experiences of weight stigma. Whether it’s comparing oneself to unrealistic standards on social media or facing hurtful comments from peers and family members, feelings of self-doubt and insecurity often arise early on.

Stage Two: Undergoing the Cycle

As individuals internalise these external pressures, their behaviours around food and exercise start to change. Eating habits may become more restrictive, and exercise may be seen primarily as a means to burn calories rather than for enjoyment. Despite efforts to lose weight, feelings of self-criticism and guilt often persist, especially when weight is regained.

Stage Three: Challenging the Cycle

Breaking free from the weight cycling cycle requires a shift in mindset. Some individuals find success by rejecting strict diets and reframing exercise as a form of self-care rather than punishment. However, overcoming negative thoughts about weight and body image can be an ongoing challenge, requiring self-awareness and resilience.

If you’re facing challenges with the weight cycle or if you’re aware of someone who might be, here are some important points to bear in mind:

  • Create a Safe Space: Avoid assuming that all individuals want to lose weight and be mindful of the language used to discuss weight-related topics. Creating a supportive and non-judgmental environment is crucial for building trust and promoting open communication.
  • Mindful Communication: Language matters. Hence, we should use language that empowers individuals and avoids body-shaming or triggering statements. Open-ended questions and positive reinforcement can help individuals feel understood and supported in their journey.
  • Focus on Well-being: By focusing on overall well-being rather than a number on the scale, you can foster a healthier relationship with food and exercise. Emphasising self-care, enjoyment, and balance can also help you break free from the cycle of weight cycling and embrace a more holistic approach to health.

Weight cycling is a complex phenomenon with deep-rooted psychological and societal factors. By understanding the stages of the cycle and adopting a compassionate approach, you can work towards breaking free from harmful patterns and embracing a more positive relationship with your body. It’s time to shift the conversation from weight loss to holistic well-being, empowering individuals to live healthier, happier lives.


Tylka TL, Annunziato RA, Burgard D, Daníelsdóttir S, Shuman E, Davis C, et al. The weight-inclusive versus weight-normative approach to health: evaluating the evidence for prioritizing well-being over weight loss. J Obes. 2014 Jul 23;2014:983495.

Romo L, Earl S, Mueller KA, Obiol M. A Qualitative Model of Weight Cycling. Qual Health Res. 2024 Jan 25;10497323231221666.:

Can Mindfulness Enhance Health and Nutrition? Let’s Find Out!

Ever found yourself mindlessly munching away, not really sure if you’re actually hungry? Or maybe you’ve polished off a meal without even realising you’re full? It happens to the best of us. But what if there’s a way to tune into your body’s signals and eat more mindfully? A recent study delves into how mindfulness can help us better understand our bodies and stick to a heart-healthy diet, especially for those dealing with high blood pressure. Let’s explore how this simple practice could revolutionise the way we approach our health and eating habits.

Unveiling the Study

Researchers at Brown University embarked on an eight-week journey with over 200 adults struggling with high blood pressure. They split them into two groups: one diving deep into mindfulness training, and the other just receiving some basic info on controlling blood pressure. The goal? To see if mindfulness could make a real difference in how well they understood their bodies and stuck to a healthy eating plan.

Key Findings

Fast forward six months, and those in the mindfulness group were really feeling the benefits. They became much better at recognising their body’s signals, especially when it came to controlling their emotions and knowing when to stop eating. Surprisingly, even those in the basic info group showed some improvements, though not as much. As for sticking to the heart-healthy DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet, both groups made some progress, but the mindfulness crew seemed to do a bit better overall.

Insights and Reflections

This study shows us that a little mindfulness can go a long way in helping us listen to our bodies. Even though the mindfulness program was pretty intense, it’s clear that most people were up for the challenge. And even those who just got a leaflet managed to make some positive changes, proving that a nudge in the right direction can make a difference. Plus, it seems that getting better at tuning into our body’s signals might naturally lead to making healthier food choices.

Key Takeaways

  • Stoking Motivation: Recognise that feeling ready for change is a big deal. Tailoring support to match how much you’re up for making a change can really boost you chances of success.
  • Mindful Eating: Nurture the practice of mindful eating – it’s not just some hippy-dippy trend. Paying attention to how we eat can help us enjoy our food more and make better choices without even trying too hard.

Understanding what our body’s trying to tell us is key to looking after ourselves better. This study shows that mindfulness can help us do just that, making it easier to stick to a healthy eating plan. By paying closer attention to our body’s cues, we can make more mindful choices about what we eat and how we live. As we dig deeper into how our mind and body work together, mindfulness is shaping up to be a real game-changer for our health and well-being.


Loucks EB, Kronish IM, Saadeh FB, Scarpaci MM, Proulx JA, Gutman R, et al. Adapted Mindfulness Training for Interoception and Adherence to the DASH Diet: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Nov 1;6(11):e2339243.

Struggling with Stress? Forest Bathing Might Be a Solution For You

Picture this: You’re faced with a choice – sitting at your desk or strolling through a serene forest, surrounded by nature’s wonders. For many, the latter option sounds far more appealing. And it’s not just about escaping screens – it’s about embracing the healing embrace of nature. Enter forest bathing, a practice gaining traction for its profound psychological benefits. But what exactly is it, and does it live up to the hype? Let’s delve into the research to uncover the truth.

Originating in Japan as shinrin-yoku, forest bathing is more than just a leisurely walk in the woods – it’s a therapeutic experience that engages all the senses. This practice, also known as forest therapy or forest medicine, has garnered attention worldwide for its potential to alleviate stress and improve overall well-being. But what does the science say?

A recent Italian study conducted an umbrella review of 16 systematic reviews, examining the effects of forest bathing on various health outcomes. While the quality of evidence varied, the consensus suggests that forest therapy offers notable psychological benefits. From mood enhancement to stress reduction, the evidence points towards a positive impact on mental health.

However, it’s essential to interpret these findings cautiously, considering the limitations of the individual studies. Despite some shortcomings, the overarching conclusion is clear: spending time in nature, even for as little as 10 to 30 minutes, can have significant benefits for emotional balance and relaxation.

Considering forest bathing? Here’s what to remember before you go:

  • Engage Your Senses: Embrace the full sensory experience of forest bathing – from the sight of towering trees to the soothing sounds of nature. Let the fragrance of the forest air and the feel of the earth beneath your feet immerse you in its therapeutic embrace.
  • Disconnect to Reconnect: Resist the temptation to document every moment with your phone. By unplugging from technology, you can fully immerse yourself in the natural world and reap the benefits of uninterrupted tranquillity.
  • Prioritise Mental Well-being: In times of stress, prioritise spending time in nature as a form of self-care. The restorative effects of forest bathing may surpass those of conventional workouts, offering a holistic approach to well-being.
  • Combine Exercise with Nature: Harness the evolutionary benefits of exercising in natural environments. By engaging both body and mind, outdoor workouts offer a unique opportunity to enhance cognitive function and overall fitness.

As the allure of forest bathing continues to captivate nature enthusiasts and health-conscious individuals alike, it’s essential to recognise its potential as a therapeutic tool for modern living. While more research is needed to fully understand its mechanisms, the evidence thus far suggests that immersing oneself in the natural world can be a powerful antidote to the stresses of modern life. So, the next time you’re seeking solace from the chaos, consider taking a stroll through the forest – your mind and body will thank you for it.


Antonelli M, Donelli D, Carlone L, Maggini V, Firenzuoli F, Bedeschi E. Effects of forest bathing (shinrin-yoku) on individual well-being: an umbrella review. Int J Environ Health Res. 2021 Apr 28;1–26.

Raichlen DA, Alexander GE. Adaptive Capacity: An Evolutionary Neuroscience Model Linking Exercise, Cognition, and Brain Health. Trends Neurosci. 2017 Jul;40(7):408–21.

Breathing for Better Health: What You Need to Know

Have you ever heard of pranayama? It’s an ancient practice rooted in yoga, all about controlling your energy through breathing. Lately, it’s been getting a lot of attention, thanks to people like Wim Hof and James Nestor. They’re talking about how these breathing exercises can make you healthier and even help you live longer. But is there any truth to it? Let’s dive into the research and find out.

Unveiling the Study

Scientists have been studying pranayama for years now, and they’ve found some pretty interesting stuff. It turns out that these breathing techniques might help with things like relieving pain, improving spinal stability, and even reducing heartburn. But one of the most exciting findings is about oxidative stress – you know, the stuff that makes you age faster and puts you at risk for diseases like cancer.

A recent study looked at data from ten different trials involving over 500 people from five countries. They found that doing breathing exercises could actually lower oxidative stress levels in the body. How? Well, it seems to boost the antioxidants that fight off oxidative stress while reducing the harmful byproducts it creates.

What’s In It For You?

  • Stress Relief: Deep breathing isn’t just about calming your mind – it could also be good for your body. By helping you relax, it might be able to reduce the oxidative stress that builds up when you’re feeling stressed or anxious.
  • Find What Works for You: There’s no one “right” way to do breathing exercises. Different techniques work for different people, so it’s worth trying out a few to see what feels best for you.
    1. Box Breathing: Breathe in, hold, breathe out, hold – all for four counts each.
    2. Slow Exhales: Take a slow, controlled exhale through your mouth, letting your body naturally inhale.
    3. Mindful Breathing: Pay close attention to your breath, noticing how it feels as you breathe in and out.

Breathing might seem like a simple thing, but it turns out it could have some pretty big benefits for your health. By practising pranayama, you might be able to reduce stress, improve your mood, and even lower your risk of age-related diseases. So why not give it a try? After all, it’s just a breath away from feeling better.


Qiu K, Wang J, Chen B, Wang H, Ma C. The effect of breathing exercises on patients with GERD: a meta-analysis. Ann Palliat Med. 2020 Mar;9(2):405–13.

Wang H, Liu XL, Wang T, Tan JYB, Huang H. Breathing Exercises for Pain Management in Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review. Pain Manag Nurs. 2023 Jun;24(3):299–310.

Shi J, Liu Z, Zhou X, Jin F, Chen X, Wang X, et al. Effects of breathing exercises on low back pain in clinical: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Complement Ther Med. 2023 Dec;79:102993.

Martarelli D, Cocchioni M, Scuri S, Pompei P. Diaphragmatic breathing reduces postprandial oxidative stress. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Jul;17(7):623–8.

Li TT, Wang HY, Zhang H, Zhang PP, Zhang MC, Feng HY, et al. Effect of breathing exercises on oxidative stress biomarkers in humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Front Med. 2023 Apr 5;10:1121036.

Exploring Coffee’s Health Impact: Is It a Friend or a Foe?

Jerry Seinfeld once humourously summed up our love affair with coffee: “We want to do a lot of stuff; we’re not in great shape. We didn’t get a good night’s sleep. We’re a little depressed. Coffee solves all these problems in one delightful little cup.” But beyond the laughter, where does coffee stand when it comes to our health? Let’s break it down and separate fact from fiction.

Recent research published in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests that caffeinated coffee may not be as detrimental to health as once thought. In fact, moderate consumption – about three to five cups a day – has been associated with a reduced risk of certain diseases and mortality.

But what about the caffeine? While coffee boasts beneficial phytochemicals, vitamins, and minerals, caffeine can have both positive and negative effects depending on individual metabolism. Approximately half of the population are “slow” caffeine metabolisers, which means they may be more susceptible to adverse effects like anxiety and heart disease.

Key Takeaways

  • Personalised Impact: Coffee affects everyone differently, with some individuals experiencing anxiety or agitation at high doses. Slow caffeine metabolisers, in particular, may need to monitor their intake more closely to avoid negative side effects.
  • Consider External Factors: Pregnancy, oral contraceptive use, and smoking can all influence caffeine metabolism, altering its effects on the body. It’s essential to be mindful of these factors when assessing coffee consumption.
  • Coffee vs. Sleep: While coffee can provide a temporary energy boost, it’s no substitute for quality sleep. Relying on caffeine to compensate for sleep deprivation can perpetuate a cycle of fatigue and stress, negatively impacting overall health. If you want to learn more about the connection between coffee consumption and insomnia, this article could provide valuable insights.
  • Serving Size Awareness: A standard cup of coffee in research terms is eight ounces, yet many commercial servings exceed this volume. Clients should be aware of their true coffee intake and consider reducing consumption if necessary.

In the ongoing debate over coffee’s health effects, moderation and individualisation are key. By understanding how coffee interacts with our bodies and considering lifestyle factors, we can make informed choices that support overall well-being. So, whether you’re sipping a morning brew or contemplating that afternoon pick-me-up, remember – it’s all about balance.


So Jerry Seinfeld Called Us to Talk about Coffee. NPR: The Salt. April, 2013.

Van Dam RM, Hu FB, Willett WC. Coffee, Caffeine, and Health. N Engl J Med . 2020 Jul 23;383(4):369–78.

Ever Heard of the Wim Hof Method? Here’s What Research Says

In a world where extreme measures are taken in the pursuit of optimal health, the Wim Hof Method has gained popularity. Originating from Dutch extreme athlete Wim Hof, this method involves a combination of breathing exercises, mindfulness meditation, and cold water immersion, all aimed at enhancing physical and mental well-being. Social media is filled with enthusiasts claiming remarkable benefits within just 10 days of adopting the Wim Hof Method. However, a recent randomised controlled trial sought to scrutinise these claims.

The Study Breakdown

Researchers from the Institute of Sport Science at the University of Bern conducted a study involving 42 healthy young males with no underlying health issues. These participants were randomly assigned to either an intervention group, following the Wim Hof Method, or a control group maintaining their usual activities. The daily routine for the intervention group consisted of breathing exercises, mindfulness meditation, and cold water immersion, taking about 15 minutes to complete.

What the Study Revealed

After 15 days, the study found no statistically significant differences in heart rate variability, blood pressure, pulse wave velocity (indicating artery stiffness), mood, or stress levels between the intervention and control groups. The conclusion drawn was that, contrary to Wim Hof’s claims, the daily practice of the Wim Hof Method for 15 days did not demonstrate positive effects on cardiovascular parameters, stress, mood, and vitality. Additionally, the cardiovascular stress response and perceived pain during a cold pressure test were unaffected by regular practice of the method.

Key Insights

  • Acknowledge Personal Bias: It’s essential to approach the study objectively and recognise that biases may exist. A critical evaluation is crucial before jumping to conclusions.
  • One Study, Not Definitive: It must be emphasised that this is just one study, and its limitations include the short duration and a relatively healthy participant group. Longer-term research with a more diverse population is needed for a comprehensive understanding.
  • Explore Alternatives for Heart Health: Cold water immersion might not be the ideal method for heart health. On the contrary, heat therapy should be considered, such as saunas and hot tubs, for potential cardiovascular benefits.
  • Experimentation is Valid: If you are intrigued by the Wim Hof Method, it’s acceptable to explore it cautiously. Consult your doctor and set up an experiment, monitoring relevant health metrics and adjusting the protocol based on outcomes.

In the ever-evolving quest for well-being, the journey often takes unexpected turns. The recent study on the Wim Hof Method serves as a checkpoint rather than a roadblock. Remember, it’s just one snapshot of the vast landscape of human potential. Embrace the idea that health is a personalised adventure, and what works for one might not fit all. As you explore paths to vitality, let curiosity be your guide. The Wim Hof Method, while not a magic solution in this particular study, invites us to keep discovering, experimenting, and pushing the boundaries of what is known. In the end, the pursuit of optimal health is a vibrant, ongoing expedition—one where each step forward is a triumph, and every twist and turn contributes to the narrative of your unique wellness story.


Photo credits to: Swinton Estate

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